Tuesday, June 12, 2012

ASTRONOMICAL STAR MAPS AND CALENDARS OF ANCIENT KAUMAATI /KMT

THE SACRED CALENDARS OF /KMT/KAMAATI 


THE INITIATES OF THE SACRED ORDER OF BLACK LIGHT ARE WELL AWARE OF THE ASTRONOMICAL DATA OF ANCIENT KMT/KAUMAATI  AND ITS SACRED CALENDARS

 

cal·en·dar  DEFINITION :
n.
1. Any of various systems of reckoning time in which the beginning, length, and divisions of a year are defined.
2. A table showing the months, weeks, and days in at least one specific year.
3. A schedule of events.
4. An ordered list of matters to be considered: a calendar of court cases; the bills on a legislative calendar.
5. Chiefly British A catalog of a university.
tr.v. cal·en·daredcal·en·dar·ingcal·en·dars
To enter in a calendar; schedule.
[Middle English calender, from Old French calendier, from Late Latin kalendrium, from Latin, account book, from kalendae,calends (from the fact that monthly interest was due on the calends); see kel-2 in Indo-European roots.]






THE THEBAN TOMB OF SENENMUT ASTRONOMICAL CALENDAR

THE SOUTHERN PART OF THE ASTRONOMICAL CEILING OF SENENMUT  TOMB 

 CHAMBER A THEBAN TOMB 353 ,THE ASTRONOMICAL CEILING OF SENENMUT ONE OF THE OLDEST KNOWN ASTRONOMICAL PRESENTATIONS ,THE NORTHERN AND SOUTHERN PARTS



The ceiling of Chamber A is divided into two sections representing the northern and the southern skies. The southern - upper part shown in the picture above - is decorated with a list of decanal stars, as well as constellations of the southern sky belonging to it like Orion and Sothis (Sopdet). Furthermore, the planets Jupiter, Saturn, Mercury and Venus are shown and associated deities who are traveling in small boats over the sky. Thus, the southern ceiling marks the hours of the night. 
The northern - lower part - shows constellations of the northern sky with the large bear (Ursus major =  msxtjwHannig, Großes Deutsch-Ägyptisch, Mainz 2000, S. 561; depicted as a bull with an oval body in which the name is written. The tail ends in 3 circles connected by a line and the 3rd circle is located a the top of a tall triangle) in the center. The other constellations could not be identified. On the right and left of it there are 8 or 4 circles shown and below them several deities each carrying a sun disk towards the center of the picture. The inscriptions associated with the circles mark the original monthly celebrations in the lunar calendar, whereas the deities mark the original days of the lunar month (after Meyer, 1982).
The astronomical ceiling is divided along its east-west axis by a text band composed of five registers. The central line which is wider than the other four registers bears together the titles of Hatshepsut and some titles as well as the name of Senenmut. 


THE TOMB OF SETI 1 ASTRONOMICAL CALENDAR 

THE ASTRONOMICAL CEILING OF SETI 1 
THE ASTRONOMICAL CEILING OF SETI 1 
SOUTHERN PANAL FROM LEPSIUS OF THE ASTRONOMICAL CEILING OF SETI 1

NORTHERN PANAL FROM LEPSIUS OF THE ASTRONOMICAL CEILING OF SETI 1
 The ceiling of the burial chamber is painted with astronomical decorations. For the first time, the ceiling in the crypt area is vaulted, and painted with astronomical decorations. It records specific constellations of the night sky along with the various decans or calendar units. The decorative theme of the burial chamber includes passages from the Book of Gates and the Amduat. There are annexes on either side of the burial chamber towards the front, and small niches reminiscent of features in the tomb of Amenophis III. The left chamber is decorated with the fourth hour from the Book of Gates. The right chamber has an entire copy of The Book of the Celestial Cow.

THE BOOK OF GATES AND THE AMDUAT CAN BE FOUND HERE BY BUDGE 


The first rendering of the Book of the Heavenly Cow was produced on the outermost of the four gilded shrines of Tutankhamun discovered in histomb, though it was incomplete. However, we do find fairly complete versions of the book in the tombs of Seti I (KV17), Ramesses II (KV7) andRamesses III (KV11). In each of these instances, the book is exclusively depicted in an annex off of the burial chamber. We also find brief excerpts from the book in the left niche of the third corridor in the tomb of Ramesses VI, and another even shorter version on a papyrus from the Ramesside Period now in Turin.  While this book does not seem to appear after the New Kingdom, it was incorporated into the Book of the Fayoum during the Roman Period.

Within the first part of the text in this book, a parallel to the biblical narrative of the great Flood has inspired considerable interest both within and outside of Egyptology. The heavenly cow in the tomb of Seti I was noted by early adventurers who visited the Valley of the Kings on the West Bankof Luxor (ancient Thebes) such as Henry Salt and Robert Hay. In 1876, Edouard Naville published the version of the Book of the Heavenly Cow found in the tomb of Seti I, translating it into French. He supplied the first translation into English in 1876. Later, in 1885, he also published the version found in the tomb of Ramesses III. Heinrich Brugsch published the first translation into German in 1881.

In 1941, Charles Maystre published the first synoptic version of the book, taking into account the text discovered in the tomb of Ramesses II (though he omitted the text from Tutankhamun). In 1983, Erik Hornung, taking into account all of the versions of the book including that found in the tomb of  Ramesses III, published an improved version of the text, which included a metrical transliteration by Gerhard Fecht, which saw a second edition with four pages of supplemental material and corrections in 1991






THE CEILING OF THE TOMB OF RAMESSES VI ASTRONOMICAL CALENDAR 




THE CEILING OF THE TOMB OF RAMESSES VI ASTRONOMICAL CALENDAR 

 


The tomb itself is somewhat simplistic, with no true stairways, but otherwise similar to other 20th Dynasty tombs.  There are three corridors that lead to the ritual shaft, and then to a four pillared hall.  This is followed by by two more corridors, a vestibule and then the burial chamber with its single annex at the rear. The last corridor (number 5) is unique, as the floor is sloping while the roof is horizontal.  This was done to avoid part of tomb KV 12.

In this tomb, astronomical ceilings are found in each passage. The walls of the first through third corridors are painted with images from theBook of Gates and the Book of Caverns, a theme which is continued on into the vestibule. Note the lack of the Litany of Re, found in earlier tombs. The beginning of the first corridor has a scene of the king making offerings to Ra-Horakhty followed by Osiris, now shown on both sides of the corridor. But rather than the Litany of Ra, the Book of Gates follows on the south wall and the Book of Caverns on the north.  In the fourth and fifth corridors there are also passages from the Book of Amduat, and in the vestibule passages from the Book of the Dead.  The walls of the burial  chamber, where there is to be found a broken sarcophagus, are painted with illustrations from the Book of the Earth, while the astronomical ceiling have decorations from the Book of the Day and the Book of the Night. While the decorations are well colored with sunk reliefs, stylistically the art is inferior to most of the 19th Dynasty tombs


THE DENDERAH COMPLEX 



THE ASTRONOMICAL DENDERAH ZODIAC 






Let’s have a careful look at the equinoctial line (blue line); it passes in between Gemini (5-Taurus (6) andSagittarius (4-Scorpio (3). In other words the equinoctial axis also represents the Galactic Equator. Both the Galactic Equator and the equinoctial axis align! Gemini occurs twice (5, 7), once on the Galactic Equator (5) and once on the rim (7) near the East glyph (8). At the other end of the Galactic Equator we find Sagittarius (4) and Scorpio (3). Near the West glyph on the Galactic Equator we find Isis and the cow with the solar disk in between the horns placed on a pillar (2)! This glyph suggests the Sun on the Milky Way near the Gemini-Taurus nexus; it’s the symbolism behind Isis-Hathor that we decoded above!
We therefore conclude that Schwallar de Lubicz equinoctial axis is in fact encoding the Great Celestial Conjunction about 6480 years ago when the vernal equinox aligned with the Galactic Plane near the Taurus-Gemini nexus. In other words the equinoctial line through the hieroglyphs of East and West (blue line) in the Dendera zodiac encodes the Great Celestial Conjunction around 4480 BC. This is within a 240 year range of Schwaller de Lubicz estimated year. Since the year 4480 BC for the previous Great Celestial Conjunction is an estimation that is based on a Platonic Year (25920 years) that various within time, it’s safe to suggest that the previous Great Celestial Conjunction was indeed targeted by the Dendera zodiac.










In the picture below we notice that Horus (1) is depicted in his barque on the Milky Way on the green cross. This cross represents the Galactic Cross since it runs through the signs TaurusAquarius, Scorpio and Leo. Horis needs his barque to cross the Milky Way (Great River in the sky) during a precession cycle when the Sun shifts through the Galactic Equator at Great Celestial Conjunction solstices and equinoxes as a result of precession.
Notice also that the bull with horns and solar disk (Taurus) is depicted multiple times (blue circles 2, 4, 6, 8, 9, 10). These bulls got the solar disk in between their horns and demonstrate that Isis-Hathor must have been regarded very important by the zodiac makers since it is referenced six times in the zodiac! The four bulls head on a pillar (9) might represent the four Great Celestial Conjunctions that occur during a Great Year. During a Great Year, the Sun aligns with the Milky Way near the Gemini-Taurus nexus on two equinoxes and two solstices, hence four conjunctions! Also the bull (2) with the horns and solar disk on the pillar next to Isis represents a conjunction of the Sun and Milky Way on the Gemini-Taurus nexus. Notice that Isis makes a four pointed crosswith her flail and sceptre! Egyptian Pharaohs were buried in this gesture. The presence of all these bulls with the solar disks could mean that the Dendera Zodiac encodes Great Celestial Conjunctions.










In the picture below all of the signs of the zodiac are encircled and numbered. Notice that the signs are not evenly distributed. There are also two four pointed crosses in the zodiac. The green cross represents the Galactic Cross since it runs exactly through the signs AquariusScorpioLeo and Taurus. The second cross red crossruns next to the signs CapricornLibraCancer and Aries and I suggest it represents the Earth Cross.
The Earth Cross (red crossis held by Horus (falcon headed deity) who’s depicted in twofold in the outer rim of the zodiac. Horus is holding the Earth Cross because he represents the Sun that moves along the zodiac during the precession cycle. The Galactic Cross (green cross) is held by the female deity Isis. Isis is associated with the fixated Galactic Cross since she corresponds with the Gemini-Taurus nexus where the ecliptic and the Milky Way intersect.          





THE RECTANGULAR DENDERAH ZODIAC 






n the Hypostyle Hall at Dendera we find the rectangular zodiac. The zodiac is flanked by two deities that are both adorned with 8 pointed crosses (rose like). The 8 pointed cross exists of a 4 pointed cross with large petals and one with small petals that are superimposed. The crosses appear from head to toe and four additional crosses are depicted near the head that may represent the four Great Celestial Conjunctions in a Great Year.

The rectangular Dendera zodiac expresses the importance of the ecliptic-Milky crossings in various ways and it seems to be the most important message of this zodiac. All deities in the bottom bar are placed inside barques beneath the zodiac signs; they suggest they are travelling along the ecliptic. The barque is required to cross the great river in the sky, the Milky Way when the gods travel along the ecliptic in a precession cycle. Near the female’s head with the 8 pointed crosses, the winged disk of Ra is depicted. Ra as the solar god travels along the ecliptic during a precession cycle. R.A SCHWALLER LUBICZ ,DID GOOD WORK



THE EBERS PAPYRUS 








ANCIENT KAUMAATI / KMT/ AND SIRIUS 











The Star Sirius






The star of Isis, called Sothis, or Sirius, is the brightest star in our night sky. Modern astronomy has determined that it is only 8 1/2 light-years distant, and traveling directly towards Earth at many thousands of miles per hour. The Ancient Egyptians believed that Sirius had a tremendous effect upon life on our planet.

The system of Sirius contains two known stars, the first binary star system discovered. The larger and brighter of the two, Sirius A, is three times the mass of our sun, and over ten times as bright. Shining with a brilliant blue-white radiance, Sirius A easily overshadows her darker companion star. Sirius B is a "white dwarf" star, invisible to the naked eye and packing the equivalent mass of our sun into an incredibly dense globe only 4 times the diameter of our Earth.
The Sirius system is directly "upstream" of our solar system within the galactic arm of our Milky Way Galaxy. Because of this, we now know that the polarized energies of Sirius do indeed wash over us. Modern science is yet to discover if this vast current of highly charged particles affects solar activity or life on Earth .
By coming directly towards us, Sirius creates an axis of rotation with Earth relative to the stellar background. Because of this, of all the stars in the sky, only the annual heliacal rising of Sirius exactly matches the length of our solar year, 365.25 days.
The Ancient Egyptians were somehow aware of this unique relationship between our system and Sirius and marked the heliacal rising of Sirius as the first day of their calendar year.

Sirius B traces an elliptical orbit around Sirius A, and their common center of gravity, directly face onto the Earth like the dial of a clock. Taking 50 years to complete their orbit, the period of closest connection, called the periastron, is a time when the radiated energies of these two great stars is especially intense.
Sirius B spins on it's axis at an incredible 23 times a minute ( 23 rpm!!), generating an enormous magnetic field. As it approaches periastron, it begins to pull huge amounts of gas and material away from its less dense companion.
The gravitational attraction of these stars for each other and the energies they release at this time of closest communion is difficult, if not impossible for the human mind to comprehend.
Vast amounts of electromagnetic radiation, including visible light, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays and beyond, are thrown into space. The extra gas and material Sirius A provides for her companion re-ignite fusion reactions within Sirius B, and once again, her eternal lover, now blazing brightly, is reborn.
As Sirius B moves past periastron, the light generated by their shared energies begins to diminish until eventually, it resumes its role as her "Dark Companion".
As Robert Temple has shown in his book "The Sirius Mystery", the Ancient Egyptians were aware of Sirius B and the orbital dynamics of the Sirian system in predynastic times, before 3200 BC. Modern astronomy did not discover these facts until over five thousand years later, in 1862.






THE NILE AND ANCIENT KAUMAATI/KMT

THE NILE INUNDATION




Now because the Ancient Egyptian calendar was slightly out of step with the solar and lunar year - the Egyptian calendar was out by 6 hours. As time went on, the inundation came occasionally during the season of akhet, so the Egyptians relied on the star, rather than the season, as the herald of both the new year and the yearly flood.

The other two seasons were peret (growing) and shemu (harvest). During the growing season (after the inundation had receded, if not exactly in the season according to the calendar) the Egyptians planted their crops - around October and November - and tended to the fields. The Egyptians watered their crops using an irrigation system of canals or by bringing water to the fields in basins or by using the shaduf, which is still in use in Egypt today, to raise water from the river to the bank of the Nile. By the time the Nile reached its lowest level, some time around March or April, the crops would be ready for the harvest.

During the inundation, though, there was nothing to do for the Egyptian farmer. Rather than doing nothing for a whole season, the Egyptians would do other tasks rather than paying tax. (Tax was usually taken out of the crops that the farmers grew, and during inundation, the farmland was covered by water!) During the Old Kingdom, this work took on the form of working on building pyramids.

This was not done, as originally and incorrectly thought, by slave labour. In fact, it was done by Egyptian citizens who had little else to do for one season a year. These men were also 'paid' for their work - workmen at the pyramids of the Giza Plateau were given beer, thrice daily - five kinds of beer and four kinds of wine!

If Egypt had a drought or a year of plenty, it was the will of the Nile god Hapi. The Egyptians gave him offerings and worship to hopefully bring a good flood that wasn't too high or too low. They celebrated the 'Arrival of Hapi', hoping that their houses wouldn't be washed away, or that the Nile would rise enough to provide both water and silt for the farmland. But the Egyptians, despite being able to measure the flood, couldn't change the situation if the Nile's waters weren't at the required level. To them, the inundation was truly in the hands' of the gods.






THE CIVIL ANCIENT EGYPTIAN CALENDAR 
THIS IS ACCURATE ACCORDING TO THE SACRED ORDER OF BLACK LIGHT 




The Egyptian civil calendar followed the cycle of the Nile's yearly flooding, on the 19th day of July of the Julian calendar. From this day that can be defined as the first of the year, the agricultural activities were divided into three seasons of four months:

Flood………………….AJET season          
Sowing……………….PERET season       
Harvest………………SHEMU season       

     The calendar consisted of 365 days, divided into 12 months of 30 days, totaling 360 days; the other five days between the last day of Mesut-Ra and the first day of Renpet, first month of the year, were the feast days called Heru-Renpet 

This calendar of 365 days, more or less of the same length of the solar, is called Sothic because it is based on the heliacal rising 30 minutes before dawn, of the star  spdt (Sopdet: Dog Star), the Sothis of the Greeks and our Sirius; a star of 1.46 magnitude, spectral type A1, that belongs to the constellation Canis Major.



After a long interval of 70 days, this astronomical event can be seen from the first day of the summer solstice to the next spring equinox. Since the heliacal rising of the star is verified through a cycle of 365.25 days, the Egyptian civil calendar fell behind one day every 4 years.
    The coincidence of the heliacal rising of Sirius and the first day of the Sothic calendar only happened once every 1460 years. (365 : 0.25 = 1460)

FOR MORE DETAIL INTO THE SACRED CALENDAR FACTS http://www.lavia.org/english/archivo/EgyptianCalendarEN.html



THE SUPREME AKHU OF THE SACRED ORDER OF BLACK LIGHT
HOLDING THE ANKH IN THE SACRED WEHYT HEM HEM  SUNRISE CEREMONY

THE SUPREME AKHU :NETJER NEB AKHU ZEP TEPI

ACCORDING TO ANCIENT KEMETIC TEXT ,THE AKHU WAS BORN AT THE HORIZON ,DESPITE THERE DIVINE POWER ,THE AKHU WAS DEPENDENT UPON RITUAL ACTIONS PERFORMED BY THE LIVING ,MAINLY TO FOOD OFFERINGS ,HUMANS / MORTALS AND NETERU HAS AN RELATIONSHIP WITH THE AKHU ,AKHU IS ALSO ARGUED TO BE RELATED TO LIGHT

HUTUAPO